Dissertation Writing Tips
Dissertation is a final project to completed as part of an undergraduate or postgraduate degree. For most students this will be the longest, toughest and most important assignment completed at university life. Dissertation allows students present their findings in response to a question or proposition that they choose themselves. The aim of the dissertation is to test the independent skills of students that they have developed during their university life. Dissertation help to determine student final grade. Although there is usually some guidance from the mentor but the dissertation project is largely independent. Many students don’t know how to write dissertation and they face huge problems while writing a dissertation. Below are the tips for how to write a dissertation.
The length of a dissertation varies between study level and country, but normally its around 10,000-12,000 words at undergraduate level, 15,000-25,000 words at master’s level and up to 50,000 words or more at PhD level.
Steps To Write A Dissertation
Step 1: Choose Dissertation Topic:
Before doing anything else, you should choose a topic for your dissertation. Your dissertation will give you the opportunity to explore and understand your chosen topic in depth. Generally, students make use of previous research studies and literature topics to further develop their interest in the topic. When working on dissertation paper, it is important that your topic is wide enough to cover all of the marking criteria.
While working on a Dissertation proposal you have to know the following thing
- What problem is your dissertation going to tackle?
- Why is it important for you to find a solution?
- How are you going to search the answers?
- what are the ways to complete your dissertation?
- how to structure a dissertation?
- What types of source are used?
- How are these sources used?
- What forms of analysis are perceived as appropriate?
- Become familiar with the referencing style that you are required to use for your dissertation paper- Referencing style guide
once you’ve settled all these queries then you’re ready to write a dissertation proposal. The length of dissertation proposal is generally around 500 – 2000 words depending on your study level
Step Two: How to Write a Proposal:
Once you’ve chosen your dissertation topic, you’re then ready to write a dissertation proposal. By representing how your research area is relevant, your introduction, literature review and methodology will become easier to tackle. ‘Your proposal outlines the purpose of your dissertation and how you intend to go about your research.
Structure of the dissertation proposal
- Dissertation title
- Objectives – Show the aim for objectives. Write to the point. Don’t write to extensive, it will seem like your plan doesn’t have a focus so write in short and clear.
- Literature – In this section you have to mention some of the specific reference – for this you can ask for your mentor, if your mentor don’t need references in this section then at least have to mention the areas of study, schools of thought, and other sources of information you’re going to use during the research phase.
- Research – This is the main section, where you’ll explain the ideas of your research question. You will clearly outline the area of research.
- Methodology – In this section, you need to elaborate the methods of collecting data.
- Potential Outcomes – Where do you think you’ll end up after all the research and analyzing? Explain the expected outcomes.
- Time Frame – Create a schedule that explains how you will manage all stages of dissertation writing within a limited time.
- List of References – Ask your mentor / supervisor if you’re supposed to include this part, and he’ll provide you this with the instructions.
Step 3: Research Work for Dissertation:
Once your proposal / Topic approved by your mentor, you have you start doing research for your project. In order to achieve a high academic grade in your dissertation module, you need to do lots of reading/ research. Study the literature available on your approved topic.The point of the research stage is to show you have read about the topic and you understand the previous research that has been conducted, but you’ve also understood its limitations.The Internet is a good source for your research stage. But later on, you have to realize that not everything you read on the Internet is absolutely true.
Step 4: How to Write Dissertation:
Now, you’re at the most important phase of the dissertation: writing the actual paper, which will be the final result of all your efforts.
It’s surprising to see that many students have some level of confidence during the previous stages of the process, but they get confused while realizing that they don’t know how to write a dissertation. Remember: You already did a great job and completed 50 % of your work, so you have to proceed. Everything is easier when you have a plan.
Make an outline:
You already have the dissertation proposal, which is an initial outline for the actual dissertation. However, you still need a more detailed outline for the large project. So make an outline which will help you in this phase. Don’t Forget to include the new points in your outline.
This is a basic outline that will make it easier for you to write dissertation:
- Title Page: Having your name, id # dissertation topic, mentor name and university name with logo
- Acknowledgement: In this Section you have to express your feeling to your mentors, Parent and others those who help with this project
- Abstract: An abstract is an outline/brief summary of your whole project.
- table of content: An organized listing of the chapters and major sections of your dissertation with page numbers
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION:
The first chapter should include a Background of the Study, Statement of the Problem. Then, you’ll clarify the research aims and objectives, as well as the research question. Next, you’ll need to provide clear significance of the study related to the project. You will also expose your assumptions and expectations of the final results.
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW:
In this chapter of the dissertation, you will analysis the process of your research and the most important solutions you’ve come with through your project.
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY:
A research method is a systematic plan for conducting research. Research method consists of qualitative and quantitative researches. Qualitative research consists of complete, detailed description of observations, including the context of events and circumstances. Quantitative research is consists of population, sample size, classify features, count them, and create statistical models to test hypotheses and explain observations.
CHAPTER FOUR: FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION:
This is the most important stage in the whole process of dissertation writing. Compare and contrast the significant findings. Analyse the outcomes of the researches and provide your evaluation. Propose the recommendation for the future project.
CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION:
This is the final chapter of the dissertation, you will summarize the study and you’ll briefly report the results. In conclusion it is important to provide the neutral conclusion about your report. No matter the report was in favor or against but it is necessary to end with neutral opinion.
Use the Harvard citation style for your field of study, and make sure to include all sources you used during the research and writing stages.
An appendix is a collection of supplementary materials, usually appearing at the end of a report, academic paper, proposal (such as a bid or a grant) or book. An appendix typically includes data and supporting documents used by a writer to develop the written work